Bibliographic Sources

Edward Penfield (1866-1925)

Unpublished Sources

Manuscript Collections, Private Papers and Letters

Art Students League Records (1875-1955). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC.

Charles Scribner’s Sons Archive. Brandywine River Museum. Chadd’s Ford, Pennsylvania. Includes complete card-file records from Scribner’s Magazine art department.

Charles Scribner’s Sons Archive. Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Princeton University, New Jersey. Includes extensive account books, legal records and publishing contracts, notably, for Spanish Sketches.

Edward Penfield to John N. Hilliard. TLS. 7 Dec 1895. Private Collection.

Harper’s Magazine Archive. Pierpont Morgan Library. New York City, New York. Includes business correspondence between Howard Pyle and EP.

Hutton, Laurence Papers (1843-1904). Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Princeton University, New Jersey.

John Day Company Archive. Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Princeton University, New Jersey. Edtorial correspondence between Edward Penfield and John Day Co.

Morris, Harrison S. Papers (1856-1948). Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Princeton University, New Jersey.

Shrady, Henry Merwin Papers (1901-1972). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC.

Street, Julian Papers (1908). Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Princeton University, New Jersey.

Doctoral Theses

Wilczak, Susan A. The posters of Edward Penfield for Harper's New Monthly Magazine: a reflection of American society in the 1890s [Thesis]. Ann Arbor, MI: Department of Art, Michigan State University, 1996.

Published Sources

Books

Alexandre, Arsène, et al. The modern poster. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1895.

American art annual. Vol. 20, 1923-1924.

American art annual. Vol. 22, 1925.

Appelbaum, Stanley, ed. The complete ‘masters of the poster.’ New York: Dover, 1990.

Avery obituary index of architects. 2nd ed. Boston: G.K Hall, 1980.

Bauwens, M., Hayashi, T., La Forgue, Meier-Graefe, and Pennell, J. Les affiches étrangères illustrées. Paris: G. Boudet, 1897.

Bolton, Charles Knowles. A descriptive catalogue of posters, chiefly American, in the collection of Charles Knowles Bolton with biographical notes and a bibliography, May MDCCCXCV. Boston: Winthrop B. Jones, 1895.

————. The reign of the poster. [n.p.], 1895.

Bolton, Theodore. American book illustrators. New York: R.R. Bowker, 1938.

Bangs, John Kendrick. The bicycles, and three other farces. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1896.

————. The dreamers: a club. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1899.

————. Peeps at people. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1899.

Bauwens, Maurice; Hayashi, T.; La Forgue, Jules; Meier-Graefe, J.; Pennell, Joseph; and Boudét, G., editors. Les affiches étrangères illustrées. Paris: G. Boudet, 1897.

Brooks, Van Wyck. John Sloan: a painter's life. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1955.

Brown, F. C. Letters and lettering. 1902.

Burke, W. J. and Howe, Will D. American authors and books, 1640 to the present day. Revised by Weiss, Irving and Weiss, Anne. New York: Crown Publishers, 1972. 568.

Cortissoz, Royal. American artists. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1923.

Dictionary of American biography. New York: Scribner, 1928.

Encyclopedia of world art. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959.

Exman, Eugene. The house of Harper: One hundred and fifty years of publishing. New York: Harper and Row, 1967.

Falk, Peter Hastings, editor. Dictionary of signatures & monograms of American artists from the colonial period to the mid-20th century. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1988.

————. Who was who in American art. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1985. Compiled from the original 34 vols of American art annual: Who’s who in art, biographies of American artists active from 1898-1947.

Guptill, Arthur L. Rendering in pen and ink.

Hiatt, Charles. Picture posters. London: George Bell and Sons, 1895.

Hillier, Bevis. Posters. New York: Stein and Day, 1969.

Hutchinson, Harold H. The poster: an illustrated history from 1860. New York: Viking, 1968.

Johnson, Diane Chalmers. American art nouveau. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1979.

Jones, Sydney R. Posters and their designers. London: The Studio, Ltd, 1924.

Keay, Carolyn. American posters of the turn of the century. New York: St Martin’s, 1975.

Les maitres de l’affiche. 5 vols. Paris: Imprimerie Chaix, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900.

King, Julia. The flowering of Art Nouveau graphics. Salt Lake City, UT: Peregrine Smith Books, 1990.

Maginnis, Charles. D. Pen drawing: an illustrated treatise, 1899.

Malhotra, Ruth; Spielmann, Heinz; and Thon, Christina. Das frühe plakat in Europa und den USA: ein bestandskatalog. Band 1, Großbritannien vereinigte von Nordamerika. Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag, 1973. 43-173.

Margolin, Victor. American poster rennaisance. New York: Watson-Guptill, 1975.

The pagent of America, vol XII, 1927.

Penfield, Edward. The big book of horses and goats. New York: R.H. Russell & Son, 1901.

————. Country carts. New York: R.H. Russell & Son, 1901.

————. Holland sketches. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1907.

————. Spanish sketches. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1911.

Penfield, Edward and Pollard, Percival. Posters in miniature. New York: R.H. Russell, 1896.

Penfield poster postcards: 24 Full-color cards, two for each month of the year. New York: Dover Publications, in association with Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, 1992.

Preston, Wheeler. American biographies. New York: Harper and Brothers; 1974.

Price, Charles Matlack. Posters. New York: George W. Bricka, 1913.

Reed, Walt, compiler and editor. The illustrator in America, 1900-1960’s. New York: Reinhold Publishing, 1966.

Reed, Walt and Reed, Roger. The illustrator in America, 1880-1980: A century of illustration. New York: Madison Sqaure Press, 1984.

Répertoire internationale de la littérature de l'art: RILA - International Repertory of the Literature of Art. New York: College Art Association of America, 1975.

St. John, Bruce, ed. John Sloan’s New York scene; from diaries, notes and correspondence, 1906-1913. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Smith, F. Hopkinson. American illustrators. New York: Scribner's, 1892.

Sponsel, Jean Louis. Das moderne plakat. Dresden: Gerhard Kühtmann, 1897.

Stott, Annette. Holland mania: the unknown Dutch period in American art and culture. Woodstock, New York: Overlook Press, 1998.

Weitenkampf, Frank. American graphic art. 1924.

Who was who in America, vol 1 (1897-1942). Chicago: A.N. Marquis Company, 1943. 956.

Williamson, C.N and A.M. The princess passes: a romance of a motor-car. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1905.

Checklists, Exhibition and Auction Catalogues

Art Directors Club. Annual of advertising art in the United States 1921. New York: Publishers Printing Company, 1921. Catalogue for the first annual exhibition of advertising paintings and drawings held by the Art Directors Club at the galleries of the National Arts Club, New York, 2-31 Mar 1921.

Art Students’ League. 75th Anniversary exhibition. New York: Art Students’ League of New York, 1951.

————. Fifty years on Fifty-Seventh Street. New York: Art Students’ League, 1953.

Bing, Samuel. Salon de l’art nouveau, catalogue premier. Paris: S. Bing, 1895.

Brandt, Frederick R.; Koch, Robert; and Meggs, Philip B. Designed to sell: turn-of-the-century American posters. Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1994. Catalogue for exhbition at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond Virginia, 9 Nov 1994-8 Jan 1995.

Constantine, Mildred, editor. Word & Image. Text by Alan M. Fern. Greenwich, Connecticut: New York Graphic Society, 1968. Catalogue of exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York , 1968

Echo, The. The Century and Echo poster show: catalogue of artistic posters. Chicago: The Echo, Dec 1895.

Flood, Ned Arden. A catalogue of an exhibition of American, Dutch, English, French and Japanese posters from the collection of Mr Ned Arden Flood. Meadville, PA: Flood and Vincent, 1897. Catalogue for exhibition May 1897. Also published as : Quadrangle Club. A catalogue of an exhibition of American, Dutch, English, French and Japanese posters from the collection of Mr Ned Arden Flood. Chicago, 1897.

Gibson, David. Designed to pursuade: the graphic art of Edward Penfield. Yonkers, New York: Hudson River Museum, 1984. Catalogue for exhibition at the Hudson River Museum, New York, 20 May - 15 Jul 1984.

Grolier Club. Catalogue of an exhibition of illustrated bill-posters. New York: The Grolier Club, Nov 1890.

Hawkes, Elizabeth H. The poster decade: American posters of the 1890s. Wilmington, Delaware: Delaware Art Museum, 1977.

Henriot, Alexandre. Catalogue de l’exposition d’affiches artistiques, Françaises et étrangères modernes et rétrospectives. Reihms: n.p., Nov 1896. Reprinted, Paris: Union Centrale des Arts Décoratifs, 1980.

International artistic periodical poster exhibition at the Westminster Aquarium. London, 1894. Catalogue for exhibition at the Westminster Aquarium, 23 Oct 1894.

Kiehl, David W. American art posters of the 1890s (The Leonard A. Lauder Collection). New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1987. Catalogue for exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Oct 1987 - Jan 1988.

Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association. Exhibition of posters: October 2 to November 30 MDCCCXCV. Boston: Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, 1895. Catalogue for exhibition at the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, Boston, 2 Oct - 30 Nov 1895.

Newark posters. New Jersey: Committee of 100, 1915.

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Exhibition of posters. Philadelphia, PA: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1896. Catalogue for exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Mar 1896.

Rennert, Jack. Poster palette. PAI - IX. New York: Poster Auctions International, 1989. Catalogue for poster auction held in New York, 12 Nov 1989.

————. Poster extravaganza. PAI -XIV. New York: Poster Auctions International, 1992. Catalogue for poster auction held in New York, 3 May 1992.

————. Winning posters. PAI -XVIII. New York: Poster Auctions International, 1994. Catalogue for poster auction held in New York, 1 May 1994.

————. Timeless posters. PAI -XXI. New York: Poster Auctions International, 1995. Catalogue for poster auction held in New York, 12 Nov 1995.

————. Poster ecstasy. PAI -XXVII. New York: Poster Auctions International, 1998. Catalogue for poster auction held in New York, 8 Nov 1998.

Salmugundi Club. New Salmagundi papers, series of 1921. New York: Salmugundi Club, 1921.

Sixth cabinet of American illustration: original Drawings by Edward Penfield. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 11 May 1916.

Union League Club. Some modern posters shown at the Union League Club, February 14-15-16 1895. New York: Union League, 1895. Catalogue for exhibition at the Union League Club, New York, 14-16 Feb 1895.

Whitehead, Wilbur Cherrier. A memorandum catalogue and check list of American posters in the collection of Wilbur Cherrier Whitehead. Cleveland, Dec 1895.

Wong, Roberta Waddell. American posters of the nineties. Boston: Boston Public Library, 1974. Catalogue for exhibition at the Boston Public Library, 1974.

Articles

‘Aluminum plates.’ American Printer, vol. 19 (Jul 1894). 4.

Article in Art Center Bulletin, Apr 1925.

Bradley, Will H. ‘Edward Penfield, artist.’ Bradley: His Book, vol 1, no 1 (May 1896).

Carter, Karen L. ‘Edward Penfield.’ In: Carnes, Mark C. and Garraty, John A., editors. American national biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Davis, Charles Belmont. ‘Edward Penfield and his art.’ The Critic, vol 34, no 861 (Mar 1899).

International Studio, vol 25 (1905). XXVI-XXVII.

Irwin, Margaret A. (Huston Academy of Medicine, Texas Medical Center Library). ‘Edward Penfield (7 June 1866 - 8 February 1925).’ In: Dyal, Donald H.; Hastedt, Catherine A., and Smith, Steven E., editors. American book and magazine illustrators to 1920. Detroit: Gale Research, 1998. Dictionary of literary biography. vol 188.

Jones, S. R. The Studio, London, (15 Jul 1925).

Obituary. Art News, (14 Feb 1925).

Obituary. New York Times, (9 Feb 1925).

Obituary. New York Times, (10 Feb 1925).

‘Odds and ends from Edward Penfield’s studio.’ International Studio, vol 26, n0 103 (Sep 1905).

Penfield, Edward. ‘The ancestry of the coach.’ Outing, (Jul 1901).

—————. ‘My Chum Billee.’ Metropolitan, vol 38, no 3 (Jul 1913). 35.

Price, Charles Matlack. ‘The cat and the poster.’ Arts and Decoration, (Sep 1912).

————. ‘The work of Edward Penfield.’ In: Poster design: a critical study of the development of the poster in continental Europe, England and America. 2nd ed. New York: George W. Bricka, 1922. 215-249.

Article in Publisher's Weekly, 1894.

Rowland, Earl. ‘Edward Penfield: an American master illustrator.’ American Artist, vol 22, no 4 (Apr 1958). 46-51.

Rowland, Stanley. ‘Masters of the poster (7): Edward Penfield and Will H. Bradley.’ Design for Industry, vol 16 (Jan 1934).

Sparks, Henry Lawrence. ‘Edward Penfield.’ Das plakat; Mitteilungen des verains der plakatfreunde, vol 3, no 1 (Jan 1912). 1-4.

Stone, Herbert Stuart. ‘Mr Penfield’s posters.’ The Chap-Book, vol 1, no 10 (1 Dec 1894). 56-62.

Van Dyke, John C. ‘The Art Students’ League of New York.’ Harper’s New Weekly Magazine, (1891).

Revised 5 Aug 2015.